When I come to think of 18th century antique furniture design, I think primarily of 4 names. There is the great Thomas Chippendale, George Hepplewhite, Thomas Sheraton and last but by no means least Robert Adam. Robert Adam was probably better known for his influence on architecture in the 18th century but he also designed lovely pieces of furniture. It was on one of his trips to the Continent to study foreign designs he came across Michael Angelo Pergolesi. Pergolesi was one of the main characters in the start of painted antique furniture. Designs on antique furniture up to this point had been inlaid into the wood surface.
Pergolesi stayed in the UK until the end of the 18th century. He worked with the celebrated Adelphi firm. He designed and painted beautiful pieces of furniture and the occasional antique clock. Many of these works decorated with fine figures, flowers and classical urns. He published a book of these designs taken between 1777 and 1801. He worked with other leading figures at he time, many were members of the Royal Academy. These individuals revolutionized the decoration applied to antique furniture.
Pergolesi designs on antique furniture are rare by the fact he worked only a sort period of time in the UK, also those who worked with him in this area left London to work overseas before the end of the 18th century. With this short window of opportunity, very few pieces were made by these celebrated artists and designers in the 18th century, making them highly sought after. Later work like this can be seen in the late 19th century,when this type of work hit a revival in the fashion moods at the time.
A link to the clock decorated below can be found by clicking here Gill of Rye Grandfather Clock.
Most of written information on this subject can be found by reading books on the ‘Age of Satinwood’ as many pieces were decorated on this wood surface as satinwood offers a ‘plain canvas’ so to speak for the artists work. It is also true though you will see works decorated on mahogany cabinets in the last quarter of the 18th century. One outstanding such painted decorated clock is seen below.
Bringing back to life an old dusty and somewhat dilapidated antique grandfather clock into a stunning clock fit for any home is a skill that few people can master. Our workshop here in Cheshire has many years of experience in repairing and restoring antique clocks and furniture with differing respective challenges. I must first say I would only recommend in undertaking such a complex and painstaking restoration if you have the necessary skills and knowledge to achieve this. Poor quality restoration can reduce the value of any fine antique. Sympathetic restoration by highly skilled craftsmen is really important in this respect. Some of our repairs that we have to carry out on clocks is to take away old poor quality repairs. It is usually the case a ‘sleepy’ grandfather clock can actually be easier to repair in may ways than an over restored example. Once something has been ‘over restored’ it is very hard to correct. The lovely patina in many cases has been stripped off and the beautiful colour underneath the years of grime has been ruined, generally by whatever pot of stain the culprit has used. It is the case restoring sympathetically takes a lot longer, but the end result is far far superior.
We have lots of superb restored North West or Liverpool clocks for sale, you will see a lovely examples if you can visit our search facilty on our website to see various Liverpool clocks here.
In this blog I will be looking at a lovely North West clock that we have just restored here in Cheshire. To give you some idea of the time taken, the cabinet required just short of 9 full days work and the movement about 2 and a half days.
If only the maker William Garnett of Bold could see the clock now, looking probably even lovelier than it did when it was new back in C1770
As you can view from the pictures above, the Garnett of Bold antique clock movement has been cleaned and overhauled, it has been brought back to life so to speak. 2 and a half days in the critical A and E department of our Cheshire antique clock workshop and now its heartbeat is working strongly again.
As you can see from the various pictures taken prior to the restoration taking place, the clock cabinet was in a poor state of affairs and required some difficult sympathetic restoration to bring this past master back to life. The base panel was warped and twisted and another issue was the wood that was veneered on was all shapes. The hood door mask was smashed and various mouldings and feet to the clock needed attention. The cleat to the trunk door was also loose and the clock had numerous places of small repairs to be completed. All time consuming and meticulous work. It is vital for any of these repairs to be undertaken with wood if necessary of the same age and colour and grain, so a good match can be obtained. Replacing a foot or moulding with new wood will make it impossible for the repair to match correctly. We have a store (all humidity controlled) of 17th ,18th and 19th century woods so a good match can be achieved. Animal glues are used in repairs just like in the past. Animal glues have a great quality that is pretty much unmatched by modern glues. The veneer stuck down with animal glue can be reheated if necessary and unstuck. This meant performing repairs, like was necessary to the base panel of the clock, was possible.
In the pictures above very difficult repairs had to be carried out on the base panel. The base panel was warped and their was no way the wood the the veneers to the front had been veneered on could be saved. It had multiple splits and was really rough chopped. We had to remove all the veneer from the base panel. Upmost care has to be taken here, as mentioned veneer is stuck down traditionally with animal glues. An iron and wet rag can therefore be used to steam the veneers off the damaged back panel. A 18th century flat piece of mahogany was used to glue the original veneers back down and straps were used so the twisting of the base panel is reduced in the future. All wood used in this process is wood of the correct age of the clock. The veneer is clamped and glued with animal glue as before. The outside of the clock now has a perfectly flat base panel that will be structurally sound for the years ahead.
Above you will see lots of tasks carried out by our antique furniture restoration department, the top of the mask was replaced in 18th century wood and various other smaller repairs all over the cabinet. In the next series of pictures you will see the final completed restoration. All work carried out sympathetically and preserving the beautiful colour and patina of this clock. I hope you will agree a repair carried out to the highest standards and making the clock sound for future generations.
I could give you many references on the quality of our restoration that our antique clock and furniture repair and restoration department has carried out. We have undertaken repairs for major Embassy’s in London, important Hotels and for influential private individuals. I remember a Sotheby’s director who attended our shop opening many years ago of Pendulum of Mayfair in London, said he had never seen as sympathetic restoration before. We pride oursleves on this, you can view items on our website to see our standards or even beter still drop by our shop in London or antique repair and restoration workshop premises in Cheshire where this work is carried out.
If you want any information or prices on having your clock professionally overhauled and repaired, please visit our website Pendulum of Mayfair. You can also follow my antique clocks tweets on twitter by clicking here. Alternatively please read and like my antique clocks page on Facebook.
We all owe a huge debt to the brave souls that lost their lives protecting us in this country and providing the freedom we now have today. With 100 years since the start of World War I, I would like to write a short blog as my form of dedication and memory to them.
In an effort to help us win World War One clock factories and many other factories in the UK changed production from things like clocks to miltary hardware. Smiths and Sons based in Cricklewood, were one such company, they were established in 1851 had a very technical workforce and as well as clocks that were needed for the war effort, they helped with things like fuse production. This company also produced the first odometer and speedometer. We are all in this together was not just a saying but in real action during the war years, everyone chipped in with helping with the war effort, and confronting the foe that stood before us.
We have just had the honour of restoring for sale a superb antique grandfather clock by John King of London. It is not often you get any real history or insight into what was going on through periods of the clocks life, with this clock we get an insight into what war life was like in WWI.
Engraved on the movement are the following things that really sends a shiver to the spine.
Cleaned & Repaired By W.U.Holmes September 1914
‘At war with Germany & Austria and still smiling ‘
Later Engraved in Nov/December 1917
‘War still on. But no smiles now.’ W.U.Holmes
You really get the impact on life, through this small engraving, into effect of the war years by a horologist at the time. When I am ever miserable or think I wish I had this or that, I think back to conditions and hardships back during wartime and realize just how lucky most of us are today. My thoughts go out to all those who gave up their lives so we have our freedom that we live with today. We owe a great debt to women during the World War’s who manned most of the factories at home whilst their husbands were fighting on the front line, making ammunitions and things vital to the war effort.
A while back now I wrote a blog about moon-phase antique clocks but after we restored this superb antique grandfather clock by James Clarke of London, I thought it was important to write a little more about London mahogany moon-phase clocks in particular and why they are so rare and sought after. The link to the earlier blog can be found here: Moonphase antique clocks Blog
Further information about the James Clarke grandfather clock can be found by going to : James Clarke Antique Grandfather Clock
This clock above is a simply beautiful example of a London moon-phase clock. You will notice the high quality matted centre to the cast brass dial. Chapter ring and spandrels, subsidiary calendar and recessed seconds feature, lovely engraving to the moon discs to the arch. The name is prominently engraved to the cartouche around the arch, beautiful painted moon disc and a special extra feature of strike/silent lever to the three o’clock position on the dial.
The picture above shows the beautiful working of this James Clarke 8 day antique clock, you will notice one large extending piece of brass for the front plate top, so that the dial feet can miss the moon disc. Lovely high quality 5 pillar London movement, all now beautifully restored back to showroom condition.
I will now return to why so few London clocks have moon features. I suppose there are two main reasons, the first reason which is an important point to start from is the size of the London dials. Provincial 12 inch dials tend to be 17 inches high which would allow for a full semi circle to the arch, easily enough space for a feature like a rotating moon disc. On a London clock the height is 1 inch less, that means on a 12 inch wide dial, the height of the dial is only 16 inches. The space to the arch is now no longer a full semi-circle then and far more restricting. On the dial above you will notice the arch is not a semi-circle and the cartouche around the arch tapers to the centre.
The second reason is centred around the fact that London is London, trading in the UK outside London was not really required back then, there were plenty of wealthy clients in and around London. Moons generally were required to check when to travel, generally merchants would travel on and around full moons, so the risk of the Highwayman was not so great. Clearly some clocks like those with high tide, will also occur sometimes with moons. Knowing when your high tide in your local port like London bridge was also important for the merchants. Travelling around London with the fact they had good street lighting fired by oil lamps after 1750 was not so hazardous, so knowing when the next full moon was, was not really as important.
As discussed in my other blog about moon phase clocks, there were lots of different types of moon, but it is the rolling moon like that on the James Clarke clock that was the most popular. Two moons appear on these discs, but only one can be visible at any one time. Generally on London clocks the moon is accompanied by a starry sky rather than country scenes on provincial clocks. There are, as previously discussed, 29 and a half days in a lunar month, we divide up the 12 months into either 31, 30,29 or 28 days to compensate. The exact lunar cycle is 29 days, 12 hours, 44 minutes and 2.8 seconds I believe, I hope my memory is right ! The clocks moon as it is 29 and a half days and is therefore fairly accurate, once set !
The James Clarke antique grandfather clock picture above shows what a top quality clock should look like. Not only the dial and movement show amazing high quality features and detailing, the case shows only the finest London case making features of the late 18th century. Quarter columns, brass capitals to the base, moulding to bridge top door and base and 2 plinths are but some of these lovely features. To view this clock please visit our shop in London, Pendulum of Mayfair or contact us through our website http://www.pendulumofmayfair.co.uk . James Clarke is listed as working in Newgate Street, London and was apprentice in 1760 and a member of the Clockmakers Company from 1768-78.
Daniel R Clements
#SBS Theo Paphitis Winner August 2014 : Antique Clocks Twitter
Exclusive Club of Theo Paphitis #SBS Winners
The 11th August 2014 was a special day for Pendulum of Mayfair, we managed to receive the prized retweet from Dragon’s Den entrepreneur, Theo Paphitis. Pendulum now joins the ranks of the exclusive club of Small Business Sunday (#SBS) winners. For Theo to pick our buisiness amongst the thousands that tweet to him every Sunday, we are deeply honoured.
We all know Theo Paphitis as a very successful businessman, he is the owner of various major retailers Ryman the Stationers, Robert Dyas, Red Letter Days and Boux Avenue. He also has many other business interests and is still working on many tv programs, even after his sad retirement from Dragons Den. I am one of many millions of fans of that program and his input to this series was amazing. Theo is also a champion of small business’s, Theo’s initiative to help small business promote themselves was the formation on twitter of #SBS or hashtag SBS standing for Small Business Sunday. Each Sunday between 5-7:30pm, business owners tweet Theo, explaining in no more than 140 characters why they would make worthy winners. Theo then chooses just the 6 best businesses from the hundreds of entries to retweet to his over 440,000 followers, these business’s can then join the growing #SBS family. Winning businesses then complete an entry on Theo’s SBS website, promoting their services through the directory of winners. Our new listing can be found here: Theo Paphitis Small Business Sunday Winners
“I’m feeling so proud of what we’ve achieved, although winning the Theo Paphitis #SBS award has come as a complete shock.” says Daniel Clements, antique clocks specialist at Pendulum. “We’ve been overwhelmed by the messages of support received on Twitter and the huge number of new followers we’ve attracted already. It’s an amazing honour to join such a wonderful group of businesses and a lovely new community of friends.”
I decided to post our tweet alongside our lovely antique clocks in our London shop, the winning tweet was short and sweet – @TheoPaphitis – For only the most genuine fully restored antique clocks – pendulumofmayfair.co.uk #SBS
Genuine and fully restored antique clocks are the cornerstone of our business ever since we started 20 years ago Pendulum of Mayfair and for over 40 years with Coppelia Antiques. We have grown year on year from a small base to now stocking some of the finest antique clocks and pieces of furniture anywhere on the globe. We employ all our own restoration staff for both the horology and cabinet departments, all repairs are carried out sympathetically and to the highest standards. Preservation of the originality of the piece is foremost in our minds.
My father Roy Clements was one of the first I believe of all the clocks editors of the famous Millers Antiques Price Guide up to 1984, his considerable knowledge has rubbed off on me. Ever since I was a small boy I used to travel with my father on business trips and to major auctions in the pursuit of the finest antiques. I learned everything about what to look for and how these pieces that had not been touched in years, could be transformed into showroom condition. My father was one who pointed out to me to cover every aspect within the business. I have worked in both the furniture restoration and clock movement repair departments. Every day is different for me and no clock movement is exactly the same, we are always learning.
I have worked in the antique business full time since leaving university over 20 years ago but to tell you the truth even during those three years I was more interested in what was happening back in the business. My love of antique clocks has never diminished, I am just so happy that someone of the stature of Theo, whom I very much admire, gave time to this SBS venture and also chose us as one of his 6 businesses he clearly thought was special enough to re-tweet.
Pendulum of Mayfair has now become one of the foremost antique clocks businesses in the world with an impressive array of accolades. As a hugely well-respected dealer, Pendulum has featured in leading newspapers such as The Sunday Times and appeared many times on national television in the UK. They were highly commended in the category of ‘ Best Interiors Boutique’ at The Mayfair Awards 2012, in association with The Mayfair Magazine, Small Luxury Hotels of the World and Perrier-Jouet. Pendulum also received congratulations from the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry for Business and was listed in the prestigious Who’s Who of Business Elite for 2002.
We have sold our antique clocks all around the world and we have met many vip’s in the process. We undertake many repairs and look after the antique clocks for many famous London institutions. Over the last few years we have restored back to their former glory the antique clocks in the Russian Embassy in London. The Ambassador, His Excellency Alexander Yakovenko, and his staff were absolutely amazing with us and it was a special honour being entrusted with this work.
For further information please call 0207 629 6606 or email Daniel at [email protected]
Out now increasing Twitter following can be found here, please follow for upcoming antique clocks news: Pendulum Clocks Twitter